Over the course of the twentieth century, tourism in Europe ceased to be limited to the upper and middle classes and became growingly accessible to the working class, especially in the post-World War II period. This course will analyse the main forms that mass tourism took on, including state-sponsored tourism in Nazi Germany in the 1930s and in the USSR from the 1960s until the late 1980s as well as commercial tourism. The course will also illuminate the relationship between tourism and a number of social/cultural/political/economic developments in Europe in the 20th century. It will focus on the link between tourism and models of mass consumption, but it will also explore interweavings of tourism and migration from Southern to Northern Europe, the European integration and the “sexual emancipation” since the 1960s.
1) Shelley Baranowski, Ellen Furlough (eds.), Being Elsewhere. Tourism, Consumer Culture, and Identity in Modern Europe and North America, Ann Arbor 2001.
2) Thomas Mergel, ‘Europe as Leisure Time Communication. Tourism and Transnational Interaction since 1945’, in: K. Jarausch, T. Lindenberger (eds), Conflicted Memories. Europeanizing Contemporary Histories, New York 2007, pp. 133-153.