The objective of this course is to explore the intersection between development policy and environmental governance in the global South. Contemporary development theory emerged after the Second World War as a set of policy prescriptions aimed at accelerating societal and economic transformations in post-colonial states, and poverty alleviation was subsequently added as a key objective. Development institutions and ideology are increasingly influencing environmental policy. We will begin by briefly examining the history of development institutions and ideology. Second, we will examine how environmental politics and conflicts are increasingly framed in the context of development. We will focus on the extent to which ‘environment’ and ‘nature’ are constructed in particular ways that facilitate development interventions. Third, we will examine the ways in which this ideology informs the governance of extraction/use/conservation of resources and waste disposal. Finally, we will further explore the relationship between development and environment by focusing on a number of environmental conflicts in the global South. This course is suitable for students interested in development and environmental conflicts in particular places, or contemporary political ecology in general.